Language Grammar

Download E-books Epistemic Stance in English Conversation: A description of its interactional functions, with a focus on I think (Pragmatics & Beyond New Series) PDF

By Elise Kärkkäinen

This publication is the 1st corpus-based description of epistemic stance in conversational American English. It argues for epistemic stance as a practical instead of semantic idea: exhibiting dedication to the prestige of data is an emergent interactive job, rooted within the interplay among conversational co-participants. the 1st significant a part of the booklet establishes the hugely average and routinized nature of such stance marking within the info. the second one half deals a micro-analysis of I think, the prototypical stance marker, in its sequential and job contexts. Adopting the technique of dialog research and paying critical realization to the manifold prosodic cues attendant within the audio system’ utterances, the examine deals novel located interpretations of I think. the writer additionally argues for intonation devices as a unit of social interplay and makes observations concerning the grammaticization styles of the main common epistemic markers, particularly the prestige of I think as a discourse marker.

Show description

Read more
Language Grammar

Download E-books Language Classification: History and Method PDF

By Lyle Campbell

How are relationships confirmed among the world's languages? this is often some of the most topical and so much debatable questions in modern linguistics. The vital goals of this ebook are to respond to this question, to chop during the controversies, and to give a contribution to analyze in far-off genetic relationships. In doing this the authors objective to: (1) exhibit how the tools were hired; (2) show which tools, thoughts, and techniques have confirmed winning and which of them have confirmed useless; (3) make sure how specific language households have been validated; (4) review numerous of the main favorite and extra arguable proposals of far-off genetic courting (such as Amerind, Nostratic, Eurasiatic, Proto-World, and others); and (5) make strategies for perform in destiny study. This e-book will give a contribution considerably to knowing language type commonly.

Show description

Read more
Language Grammar

Download E-books On Language Diversity and Relationship from Bibliander to Adelung (Studies in the History of the Language Sciences) PDF

By George J. Metcalf

From the Renaissance onwards, eu students started to gather and examine a few of the languages of the previous and the hot Worlds. the popularity of language variety inspired them to give an explanation for how changes among languages emerged, why languages saved altering, and in what language households they can be categorised. the current quantity brings jointly the papers of the past due George J. Metcalf (1908–1994) that debate the quest for attainable genetic language relationships, and the learn of language advancements and origins, in Early glossy Europe. common chapters, surveying the interval among the sixteenth and 18th century, are by way of unique case reviews of the contributions of Swiss, Dutch, and German students resembling Theodor Bibliander (1504–1564), Konrad Gesner (1516–1565), Philippus Cluverius (1580–1623), Hugo Grotius (1583–1645), and Justus Georg Schottelius (1612–1676). This number of vital stories, a few that have turn into very difficult to discover, has been framed by means of a close Editors’ advent, a biographical comic strip of the writer, a grasp record of references, and indexes of biographical names and of matters, phrases, and languages.

Show description

Read more
Language Grammar

Download E-books American Dialect Research: Celebrating the 100th anniversary of the American Dialect Society, 1889-1989 (Centennial Series of the American Dialect Society) PDF

Containing all new fabric and released for the yank Dialect Society's centennial social gathering (1889-1989), this quantity bings jointly in a single position, as no formerly released paintings has, present techniques to the final difficulties of language distribution and edition. different chapters supply debts of ways questions are formulated and the way information are amassed, kept, and intepreted within the a number of learn traditions of dialectology and sociolinguistics, rather as they've been conducted through researchers linked to the yankee Dialect Society. extra particularly, this ebook takes journeys to the scholar's laboratory. How is that this paintings performed? What pitfalls in fieldwork, processing, and interpretation were encountered and the way have they been conquer? What thoughts were used to get on the proof and underlying factors of language sort? What does fresh paintings recommend in regards to the so much worthwhile parts and techniques for destiny research?

Show description

Read more
Language Grammar

Download E-books Aspects of Grammaticalization (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs [Tilsm]) PDF

By Daniel Olmen, Hubert Cuyckens, Lobke Ghesquière

This quantity advances our realizing of 2 hugely debated points of grammaticalization: its relation to (inter)subjectification and its directionality. those points are studied with admire to such phenomena as auxiliaries, discourse markers, conjunctions, prepositions and pronouns. Bringing jointly quite a lot of languages, the gathering offers perception into the an important dimensions of grammaticalization learn.

Show description

Read more
Language Grammar

Download E-books A History of the English Language PDF

**NOT on the market within the united states, CANADA OR THE PHILIPPINES** A background of the English Language explores the linguistic and cultural improvement of English from the Roman conquest of britain to the current day to supply a complete evaluate of different features of its background. This best-selling vintage textbook has been revised and up to date and encourages the reader to advance either an realizing of present-day English and an enlightened angle towards the problems affecting the language this present day. New positive factors of the 6th version comprise: * an extra bankruptcy titled 'English within the Twenty-first Century', which examines the way forward for English and different international languages and contains an review of chinese language as an international language * an in-depth therapy of phonological adjustments, similar to the location of the good Vowel Shift as a bridge among center English and Renaissance English * additional insurance of corpus linguistics, specially for Renaissance English * clean sections on accessory and sign up * a brand new survey of the hot debate among "creolists" and "neo-Anglicists" at the origins of African American Vernacular English. Balanced and wide-ranging, this textbook is a must-read for any pupil learning the background of the English language

Show description

Read more
Language Grammar

Download E-books Social Structure, Space and Possession in Tongan Culture and Language: An ethnolinguistic study (Culture and Language Use) PDF

By Svenja Völkel

This interdisciplinary examine investigates the connection among tradition, language and cognition in accordance with the features of social constitution, house and ownership in Tonga, Polynesia. Grounded on huge box examine, Völkel explores the topic from an anthropological in addition to from a linguistic standpoint. The ebook offers new insights into the language of appreciate, an honorific approach that's deeply anchored within the societal hierarchy, spatial descriptions which are decided through socio-cultural and geocentric parameters, kinship terminology and possessive different types that completely convey the approach of social prestige inequalities between kinfolk. those examples impressively express that language is deeply anchored in its cultural context. additionally, the linguistic constructions replicate the underlying cognitive body of its audio system. simply as a number of cultural practices (sitting order, entry to land and present trade techniques) the linguistic capacity aren't in simple terms expressions of stratified social networks but additionally instruments to keep up or negotiate the underlying socio-cultural approach.

Show description

Read more
Language Grammar

Download E-books Pronouns, Clitics and Empty Nouns: ‘Pronominality’ and licensing in syntax (Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today) PDF

Concerns little mentioned within the generative literature are the interior constitution of pronouns and what it's in Syntax that triggers pronominal reference. This monograph treats those issues intimately and investigates no matter if pronominal (strong, susceptible and clitic pronouns) and similar elliptical expressions will be given a unified syntactic illustration. the reply, derived from a wealth of cross-linguistic facts, is basically affirmative: pronominals comprise a semantically empty noun as a part of their inner constitution. The case of null matters in ‘pro-drop’ languages is additionally tested and it's argued that they're now not empty pronominal different types yet, really, the reflex of a ‘verbal determiner’. ultimately, utilizing the interior constitution of pronouns as a kind of ‘litmus paper’, the e-book explores the connection among practical and lexical heads in addition to the notions of selection and licensing in syntax, and provides new insights into the categorial prestige of practical different types.

Show description

Read more
Language Grammar

Download E-books Transcribing the Sound of English: A Phonetics Workbook for Words and Discourse PDF

By Paul Tench

Do you might have an apprehension of transcription? Are you daunted by way of the chance of studying and dealing with surprising symbols? This workbook is for college students who're new to linguistics and phonetics, and provides a didactic method of the examine and transcription of the phrases, rhythm and intonation of English. it may be used independently or at school and covers all of the pronunciation info of phrases, words, rhythm and intonation. growth is intentionally light with lots of factors, examples and 'can't get it wrong' workouts. It features a CD of audio recordings of genuine speech, which supplies back-up all through. The CD additionally introduces scholars to adaptations in accents, with 11 diversified audio system. Going past the transcription of phrases, the e-book additionally ventures into genuine discourse with the simplification structures of colloquial English speech, rhythm and intonation.

Show description

Read more
Language Grammar

Download E-books Discourse Markers in Early Modern English (Pragmatics & Beyond New Series) PDF

By Ursula Lutzky

This quantity presents new insights into the character of the Early glossy English discourse markers marry, well and why in the course of the research of 3 corpora (A Corpus of English Dialogues, 1560-1760, the Parsed Corpus of Early English Correspondence, and the Penn-Helsinki Parsed Corpus of Early smooth English). through combining either quantitative and qualitative methods within the learn of pragmatic markers, leading edge findings are reached approximately their distribution in the course of the interval 1500-1760, their attestation in several speech-related textual content varieties in addition to similarities and transformations of their features. also, this paintings engages in a sociopragmatic learn, in line with the sociopragmatically annotated Drama Corpus of virtually 1 / 4 of one million phrases, to reinforce our figuring out approximately their use by way of characters of other social prestige and gender. This quantity for this reason constitutes a necessary piece of the puzzle in our try to achieve an entire photograph of discourse marker use.This publication received the 2014 ESSE e-book award in English Language and Linguistics

Show description

Read more