Native American Studies

Download E-books The Columbia Guide to American Indians of the Southwest (The Columbia Guides to American Indian History and Culture) PDF

By Trudy Griffin-Pierce

A significant paintings at the background and tradition of Southwest Indians, The Columbia advisor to American Indians of the Southwest tells a notable tale of cultural continuity within the face of migration, displacement, violence, and loss. The local peoples of the yankee Southwest are a different staff, for whereas the coming of Europeans compelled many local americans to depart their land at the back of, those that lived within the Southwest held their floor. Many nonetheless stay of their ancestral houses, and their oral histories, social practices, and fabric artifacts offer revelatory perception into the historical past of the quarter and the rustic as a whole.

Trudy Griffin-Pierce contains her lifelong ardour for the folks of the Southwest, in particular the Navajo, into an soaking up narrative of pre- and postcontact local reports. She reveals that, although the regulations of the U.S. govt have been intended to advertise assimilation, local peoples shaped their very own reaction to outdoor pressures, selecting to evolve instead of undergo exterior switch. Griffin-Pierce presents a chronology of situations that experience formed present-day stipulations within the area, in addition to an in depth word list of important humans, areas, and occasions. surroundings a precedent for moral scholarship, she describes assorted equipment for gaining knowledge of the Southwest and cites resources for extra archaeological and comparative research. finishing the amount is a variety of key fundamental files, literary works, motion pictures, web assets, and speak to details for every local neighborhood, allowing a extra thorough research into particular tribes and nations.

The Columbia publications to American Indian background and tradition additionally include:

The Columbia consultant to American Indians of the good Plains
Loretta Fowler

The Columbia advisor to American Indians of the Northeast
Kathleen J. Bragdon

The Columbia consultant to American Indians of the Southeast
Theda Perdue and Michael D. Green

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Native American Studies

Download E-books The Four Gospels and Selected Psalms in Cherokee: A Companion to the Syllabary New Testament PDF

The 4 Gospels and chosen Psalms in Cherokee is a significant other to the Cherokee syllabary New testomony. Written by way of Sequoyah within the 19th century, the syllabary New testomony is the most important complicated textual content composed in Cherokee via a very fluent speaker with a simple command of the language. the following for the 1st time the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John are awarded in Cherokee utilizing the English alphabet. With line breaks that persist with precisely these within the syllabary New testomony, this ebook serves as an relief for readers looking to deepen their knowing of the Cherokee Bible.

In her creation to the Gospels, Ruth Bradley Holmes deals a historical past of the Cherokee New testomony, a close glance either on the Cherokee syllabary and on the means of transliterating a Cherokee textual content into the English alphabet, and knowledge on tones, vowel size, and different intricacies of the Cherokee language. additionally integrated is the Lord’s Prayer. This prayer is gifted first in English, then within the Cherokee syllabary, and at last in Cherokee utilizing the English alphabet. it really is followed by means of an research of the language constitution and observe definitions in the prayer.

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Native American Studies

Download E-books The Night Chant: A Navaho Ceremony PDF

By Washington Matthews

The evening Chant is likely one of the nice nine-day, Navajo iciness therapeutic ceremonies. in the course of its path, approximately all of the very important characters of the Navajo pantheon are pointed out in legends, depicted in sand work, and impersonated with using mask and different ritual items. initially released in 1902, Washington Matthews's The evening Chant includes one of many few large descriptions of this significant ceremony.
 
Washington Matthews studied Navajo language and lifeways as an ethnologist and linguistics professional within the late-nineteenth century. His targeted possibilities to monitor ceremonies and list the jobs of individuals led to landmark experiences of Navajo ritual and culture. Matthews spent greater than 20 years operating with hatathli, or singers, to checklist the various songs and rites that include the elaborate evening Chant. offers an in depth description of therapeutic rites, songs, myths, and prayers for the rite, that is played in basic terms in the course of 'frosty weather.' This variation contains strong modern observations in a foreword via John Farella.

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Native American Studies

Download E-books Indians of California: The Changing Image PDF

By James J. Rawls

When the 1st Anglo-Americans visited California early within the 19th century, the long run country used to be nonetheless a distant province of the Spanish empire. Early viewers, full of a feeling of American’s occur future, defined the missionary monks and their Indian converts by way of the Black Legend of Spanish abuse of local peoples. Later, while the Anglos settled in California and assumed the lifestyle of the Mexican rancheros, they considered the Indians as a primitive laboring classification, docile and exploitable. ultimately, after 1849, the gold rush introduced thousands of latest white immigrants, who handled the primitive "diggers" easily as threats to their very own prosperity and safeguard. Bounty hunters shot down grownup Indians, and Indian little ones and kids have been offered into slavery as "apprentices."

The engine during this evolution of white attitudes was once the altering wishes of the white inhabitants. desiring to discredit Hispanic claims to the land, American observers observed the Indians as sufferers; desiring an inexpensive hard work strength themselves, they considered the Indians as an invaluable classification; wanting unimpeded entry to the assets of the Golden country, they taken care of the Indians easily as hindrances to be eliminated.

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Native American Studies

Download E-books Being Lakota: Identity and Tradition on Pine Ridge Reservation PDF

By Larissa Petrillo

Being Lakota explores modern Lakota identification and culture throughout the life-story narratives of Melda and Lupe Trejo. Melda Trejo, née pink endure (1939–), is an Oglala Lakota from Pine Ridge Reservation, whereas Lupe Trejo (1938–99) is Mexican and a long-time resident at Pine Ridge. of their 40 years jointly, the Trejos raised 11 young ones, supported themselves as migrant employees, and celebrated their lives and cultural heritage.
 
Conversations among this Lakota/Mexican couple and pupil Larissa Petrillo show key features of the couple’s daily life: what it capability to be an Indian and Lakota; how they negotiate their diversified ethnic identities; their emotions approximately contemporary issues with appropriating Lakota non secular practices and ideology; and the tenets of Lakota spirituality that form their perceptions and activities. those concerns are highlighted as they speak about their studies establishing a Sundance rite. within the past due Eighties they started retaining a Sundance at the pink endure family’s land close to Allen, South Dakota, and the rite used to be devoted to Lupe after his death.
 
Being Lakota deepens our knowing of contemporary Lakota lifestyles and provides a memorable glimpse of the alternatives and paths taken by means of members in a local group. It additionally serves to discover new ways to collaborative ethnography, with reflections on studying to paintings good in a local community.

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Native American Studies

Download E-books Becoming Two-Spirit: Gay Identity and Social Acceptance in Indian Country PDF

By Brian Joseph Gilley

The Two-Spirit guy occupies a novel position in local American tradition, balancing the male and the feminine spirit at the same time he attempts to combination homosexual and local identification. The accompanying ambiguities of gender and tradition come into vibrant aid within the strong and poignant Becoming Two-Spirit, the 1st booklet to take an in-depth examine modern American Indian gender variety. Drawing on a wealth of observations from interviews, oral histories, and conferences and ceremonies, Brian Joseph Gilley presents an intimate view of ways Two-Spirit males in Colorado and Oklahoma fight to redefine themselves and their communities.

The Two-Spirit males who look in Gilley’s booklet communicate frankly of homophobia inside of their groups, a chronic prejudice that's mostly misunderstood or misrepresented by means of outsiders. Gilley provides distinct money owed of the ways that those males regulate homosexual and local identification as a way of facing their alienation from tribal groups and households. With those compromises, he indicates, they build an identification that demanding situations their alienation whereas while situating themselves inside of modern notions of yankee Indian id. He additionally exhibits how their creativity is mirrored within the groups they construct with each other, the advance in their personal social practices, and a countrywide community of people associated of their look for self and social acceptance.

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Native American Studies

Download E-books The Other Black Bostonians: West Indians in Boston, 1900-1950 (Blacks in the Diaspora) PDF

This learn of Boston’s West Indian immigrants examines the identities, ambitions, and aspirations of 2 generations of black migrants from the British-held Caribbean who settled in Boston among 1900 and 1950. Describing their adventure between Boston’s American-born blacks and within the context of the city’s immigrant historical past, the publication charts new conceptual territory. the opposite Black Bostonians explores the pre-migration historical past of the immigrants, paintings and housing, id, tradition and neighborhood, activism and social mobility. What emerges is a close photograph of black immigrant lifestyles. Johnson’s paintings makes a contribution to the research of the black diaspora because it charts the heritage of this primary wave of Caribbean immigrants.

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Native American Studies

Download E-books Choctaw Genesis, 1500-1700 (Indians of the Southeast) PDF

By Patricia Kay Galloway

Today the Choctaws are remembered as one of many 5 Civilized Tribes, got rid of to Oklahoma within the early 19th century; a wide band is still in Mississippi, quietly and successfully refusing to be assimilated. The Choctaws are a Muskogean humans, in historic occasions living in southern Mississippi and Alabama; they have been agriculturalists in addition to hunters, and a strength to be reckoned with within the eighteenth century.
 
Patricia Galloway, armed with facts from numerous disciplines, counters the widely held trust that those related humans had lengthy exercised strength within the quarter. She argues that the turmoil set in movement by way of eu exploration resulted in realignments and regroupings, and eventually to the formation of a strong new Indian nation.
 
Through an in depth exam of the actual proof and ancient resources, the writer presents an ethnohistorical account of the proto-Choctaw and Choctaw peoples from the eve of touch with Euro-Americans during the following centuries. beginning with the elemental archaeological facts and the written documents of early Spanish and English viewers, Galloway lines the most likely foundation of the Choctaw humans, their hobbies and interactions with different local teams within the South, and Choctaw response to those contacts. She thereby creates the 1st cautious and whole background of the tribe within the early glossy interval. This wealthy and specified paintings won't in basic terms offers a lot new details at the Choctaws yet illuminates the complete box of colonial-era southeastern historical past and should supply a version for ethnographic studies.

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Native American Studies

Download E-books Assimilation's Agent: My Life as a Superintendent in the Indian Boarding School System PDF

By Edwin L. Chalcraft

Assimilation’s Agent unearths the existence and evaluations of Edwin L. Chalcraft (1855–1943), a superintendent within the federal Indian boarding colleges through the severe period of pressured assimilation within the past due 19th and early 20th centuries. Chalcraft used to be employed via the place of work of Indian Affairs (now often called the Bureau of Indian Affairs) in 1883. in the course of his approximately 4 many years of provider, he labored at a few Indian boarding colleges and corporations, together with the Chehalis Indian institution in Oakville, Washington; Puyallup Indian institution in Tacoma, Washington; Chemawa Indian college in Salem, Oregon; Wind River Indian college in Wind River, Wyoming; Jones Male Academy in Hartshorne, Oklahoma; and Siletz Indian business enterprise in Oregon.

In this memoir Chalcraft discusses the supply peace coverage, the inspection method, allotment, the remedy of tuberculosis, corporal punishment, alcoholism, and patronage. vast assurance can be given to the Indian Shaker Church and the government’s reaction to this perceived possibility to assimilation. Assimilation’s Agent illuminates the occasionally treacherous political maneuverings and tough judgements confronted by way of executive officers at Indian boarding colleges. It bargains a hardly ever heard and at the present time arguable "top-down" view of presidency regulations to teach and assimilate Indians.

Drawing on a wide choice of unpublished letters and files, Cary C. Collins’s advent and notes provide very important old history and context. Assimilation’s Agent illustrates the government's long term application for facing local peoples and the shortcomings of its technique in the course of the most consequential eras within the lengthy and sometimes bothered heritage of yankee Indian and white relations.

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Native American Studies

Download E-books Choctaw Nation: A Story of American Indian Resurgence (North American Indian Prose Award) PDF

Choctaw Nation is a narrative of tribal country development within the smooth period. Valerie Lambert treats nation-building initiatives as not anything new to the Choctaws of southeastern Oklahoma, who've replied to a couple of hard-hitting attacks on Choctaw sovereignty and nationhood via rebuilding their tribal kingdom. Drawing on box learn, oral histories, and archival resources, Lambert explores the struggles and triumphs of a tribe development a brand new govt and launching an bold software of financial improvement within the past due 20th century, reaching a partial recovery of the tribe’s former glory as an important political and fiscal presence in what's now the United States.
 
An enrolled citizen of the Choctaw country who was once reared in Oklahoma, Lambert describes in vibrant aspect what this kingdom construction has intended for the Choctaw humans and for non-Indians. Choctaw country construction has reinforced the tribe’s ongoing efforts to safeguard their sovereignty and defend their rights to land, water, and different usual assets. It has additionally helped produce new methods of imagining, developing, and expressing Choctaw identification. but, as Choctaw Nation additionally indicates, Choctaw sovereignty—the bedrock of Choctaw empowerment—remains below chance, as tribal sovereignty is not just a package of inherent rights but additionally an ongoing, complicated end result of local projects and negotiations on neighborhood, kingdom, and nationwide levels.
 
In addition to wrestling with the subjects of sovereignty, id, tribal nationalism, and modern tribal governance, this e-book provides enormous ethnographic consciousness to tribal elections, non-Indians, city Indians, fiscal improvement, and tribal water rights.

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