Native American Studies

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By Ann M. Carlos

Commerce by way of a Frozen Sea is a cross-cultural research of a century of touch among North American local peoples and Europeans. in the course of the eighteenth century, the natives of the Hudson Bay lowlands and their ecu buying and selling companions have been introduced jointly by means of an more and more renowned exchange in furs, destined for the hat and fur markets of Europe. local americans have been the only real trappers of furs, which they traded to English and French retailers. The alternate gave local american citizens entry to new ecu applied sciences that have been built-in into Indian lifeways. What emerges from this specific exploration is a narrative of 2 equivalent companions enthusiastic about a jointly invaluable trade.

Drawing on greater than seventy years of alternate files from the records of the Hudson's Bay corporation, financial historians Ann M. Carlos and Frank D. Lewis critique and confront the various myths regularly held concerning the nature and impression of industrial exchange. largely documented are the ways that natives remodeled the buying and selling atmosphere and made up our minds the variety of products provided to them. Natives have been powerful bargainers who demanded functional goods similar to firearms, kettles, and blankets in addition to luxuries like fabric, jewellery, and tobacco—goods just like these bought through Europeans. unusually little alcohol was once traded. certainly, Commerce by way of a Frozen Sea indicates that natives have been industrious those who completed a typical of dwelling above that of so much employees in Europe. even supposing they later fell in the back of, the eighteenth century used to be, for local americans, a golden age.

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