L platforms are language-theoretic versions for developmental biology. They wereintroduced in 1968 by way of Aristid Lindenmayer (1925-1989) and feature proved to be one of the most lovely examples of interdisciplinary technology, the place paintings in a single quarter induces fruitful principles and leads to different parts. L systemsare according to relational and set-theoretic suggestions, that are more desirable for the discrete and combinatorial constructions of biology than mathematical types in line with calculus or records. L platforms have encouraged new paintings not just within the life like simulation of constructing organisms yet additionally within the idea of automata and formal languages, formal energy sequence, special effects, and combinatorics of phrases. This publication includes study papers through just about all top gurus and via some of the so much promising younger researchers within the box. The 28 contributions are equipped in sections on easy L structures, special effects, graph grammars and map L platforms, organic facets and types, and adaptations and generalizations of L platforms. The introductory paper via Lindenmayer and J}rgensen was once written for a large viewers and is out there to the non-specialist reader. the quantity files the cutting-edge within the idea of L platforms and their purposes. it is going to curiosity researchers and complicated scholars in theoretical machine technological know-how and developmental biology in addition to pros in special effects.
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