By Jonathan Barnes
This thorough learn of the expression of distinction within the world's vowel platforms examines phonetic and phonological modifications among so-called powerful and vulnerable positions, bringing the entire variety of information from positional neutralization structures to undergo on vital questions on the interface among phonetics and phonology. the writer attracts proof from a various array of assets, bringing jointly cross-linguistic typological surveys, designated investigations of the diachrony of particular languages (Slavic, Turkic, Uralic, Austronesian, between many others) and unique stories in experimental phonetics. committed immediately to empirical insurance and to theoretical research, this can be the 1st paintings to bring together so exhaustive a examine of positional neutralization styles within the languages of the realm. at the foundation of this catalog of facts, the writer argues for a diachronically orientated method of the phonetic motivations at the back of phonological styles, with phonologization as its vital mechanism. 3 pairs of traditionally-identified robust and susceptible positions for the belief of vowel contrasts are chosen and tested intimately: under pressure and unstressed syllables, area ultimate and non-final syllables, and area preliminary and non-initial syllables. Neutralization styles in each one place are extracted from survey information, and analyzed in gentle of the phonetic features of every pair of positions. either the character of the styles pointed out in addition to the range and assets of exceptions have very important outcomes for formal phonology, phonetics, and ancient linguistics in addition.
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