Native American Studies

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By John Alton Peterson

"On Sunday nine April 1865, Ulysses S. furnish and Robert E. Lee met within the parlor of Wilmer McLean’s brick domestic in Appomattox court docket condo, Virginia, to barter the belief of the Civil battle. that very same day, some distance to the west, a handful of Mormons and northerly Utes met within the vital Utah city of Manti in an try to in attaining a peace in their personal. in contrast to the negotiations at Appomattox, even though, these in Manti failed, and the occasions that transpired there are considered because the starting of Utah’s Black Hawk conflict, the longest and such a lot critical Indian-white clash in Utah history."
—From the book

So starts the tale of Black Hawk, Ute Indian warrior leader and exceptional strategist, and Brigham younger, sagacious spiritual and political chief of the Mormons. strong and unyielding males solid through problem and conviction, either respected and either reviled of their instances. One, orchestrating a extraordinary crusade to show again the tide of white enlargement and stop the extinction of his humans, the opposite, trying to preserve his exiled church and its thriving utopian society sovereign and intact. males of unique races, ideals, and cultures, yet sharing a choice to maintain U.S. infantrymen out in their bloody clash for regulate of land and different assets within the Utah territory.

From 1865 to 1867, the warrior Black Hawk, often referred to as Antonga, led a mixed strength of Utes, Navajos, and Paiutes in a chain of excessive inventory raids at the Mormon settlements in Utah territory. Black Hawk astutely judged that political clash among the government and Mormon Utah could retain U.S. squaddies from chastising his band. additionally, the antagonism of Washington towards Utah’s polygamy, theocracy, and isolationism made Mormon chief Brigham younger cautious of looking federal support. in reality, to maintain the govt from utilizing the battle as a pretext for sending extra troops to Utah, the Mormons withheld info, making the Black Hawk battle a nearly mystery battle so far as the remainder of the country used to be involved. As directed by means of Brigham younger, Utah’s Latter-day Saint electorate mobilized a church defense force, the Nauvoo Legion, to repel Indian assaults. but Black Hawk and others have been capable of keep on their actions for nearly 8 years with no incurring the federal army reprisals that Indians on all 4 facets of the Mormon heartland skilled. Bloodshed on either side plunged Mormons and Indians right into a warfare of vengeance—years of killing and raiding that persevered till federal troops stepped in 1872.

In this unheard of quantity, historian John Peterson offers the 1st accomplished research of a special and compelling bankruptcy of western background and of the violent and persistent clash it engendered. Utah’s Black Hawk warfare not just explores political intricacies and broader implications, scrutinizing the Mormons' Indian policies—most particularly Brigham Young’s remarkable "better to feed them than struggle them" teachings—but additionally provides brilliant narrative debts of assorted raids and battles. the result's a masterfully researched and engagingly written account of Utah’s mystery warfare, a warfare mostly unknown between western historical past scholars, students, and enthusiasts—until now.

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